Printable PDF: 430 Stainless Steel Alloy Data Sheet
430 stainless is a ferritic straight chrome grade. 430 presents a good corrosion resistance and formability. Typical applications for 430 include: Appliance (components and surface), and automotive trim.
|Cr:||16.0 – 18.0|
At 70°F (At 20°C)
0.28 lb./in³ / (7.74 g/cm³)
Modulus of Elasticity (E)
29 x 10³ ksi / (200 x 10³MPa)
Coefficient of Expansion
5.8 x 10-6 microinches/in.-°F (70-600°F) / (10.4 μm/m-°C) (20-300°C)
23.68 μ ohm.in / (60 μ ohm.cm)
15.1 Btu-in./ft.²hr.-°F / (26.1 W/m-K)
AMS 5503, ASTM A240
Typical Mechanical Properties – Typical Room Temperature Mechanical Properties
Typical mechanical properties are based on ASTM A240
Tensile Strength (UTS)
70 ksi (483 MPa)
45 ksi (310 MPa)
Elongation% in 2” (50.8 mm)
Additional Information on 430 Stainless Steel Alloy
While it is common to find stainless steel in a large variety of different industries and applications, there are varying grades of stainless steel that are all useful for different products. It is important to know what type you need, and which will be most useful to you.
One such class is Grade 430 stainless steel. Typically, the type of stainless steel that you are going to find in everyday life is made from Grades 304 or 316. While 430 is similar to these, there are major differences that separate it from the others. The big difference is that stainless steel 430 is ferritic, as opposed to the 300 series which are all normally austenitic. There are some subtle differences between ferritic and austenitic steels, but what it means at a chemical level is that ferritic steels have a body centered cubic crystalline structure instead of one that is face centered.
Chemical Components of Stainless Steel 430
One of the things to look at when deciding which grade of stainless steel to use is the actual chemical makeup of the steel itself. Grade 430 stainless steel, for example, contains a high level of Chromium, but a very low level of Nickel. In fact, the Chromium content within the steel is between 16 and 18%, while the Nickel content is only 0.5%. When you know the chemical makeup of the compound, you can extrapolate what its strengths and weaknesses will be. You will also find Phosphorus, Sulfur, Carbon, Silicon, and Manganese inside stainless steel 430, as well as certain amounts of Iron.
While austenitic steels are a lot more common than their ferritic counterparts, Grade 430 stainless steel is the most common grade of ferritic steels. It still has a high level of Chromium, which means that its greatest benefit to manufacturers is its resistance to corrosion. When Chromium mixes with the Oxygen in water, it forms Chromium Oxide, which is not near as damaging as Iron Oxide, the main component in rust. When 430 stainless steel has been polished, it exhibits an even greater resistance to corrosion.
Because Grade 430 stainless steel is ferritic, it does not hold up well in subzero or cryogenic environments, and begins to become brittle. Also, while it does have excellent drawdown properties, it is not easy to weld and form. Stainless steel 430 also has low thermal conductivity, which means that if it is used as part of a machine, it can become extremely hot. It can also start to crevasse and pit on the surface in these elevated temperatures. Therefore, coolant is necessary if you plan on using Grade 430 in this way.
Many ferritic steels have less resistance to chloride induced stress corrosion cracking, but Grade 430 stainless steel is on the high end of that spectrum. It also is resistant to certain organic and nitric acids, and different alkalis. This makes it very useful in chemical applications where those types of liquids are present.
Unlike the 300 series of steels, it is recommended to use Grade 430 stainless steels in environments that are considered to be only mildly corrosive. It does not contain any traces of Molybdenum or Nickel, so it cannot withstand the areas that those two elements provide protection from. However, there is a lot of value in stainless steel 430 as it is much cheaper than Grade 316 and is perfect for controlled environments often found indoors. However if temperatures begin to rise, Grade 430 still offers great resistance to oxidation.
Workability and Practicality of Stainless Steel 430
Another important aspect of the type of stainless steel that you need for your project is the kind of workability that it exhibits. Grade 430 stainless steel can be hot worked, usually in temperatures varying between 1500 and 1900 degrees F. Once it achieves this temperature, it can then be forged to make it take the form you need it to. It does not harden when heat treated, keeping its ductility. However, you do not want to expose it to these temperatures for too long as it will reduce its ductility. It is recommended that you air cool stainless steel 430 to room temperature. If you try to slow cool the steel at less than 1000 degrees F, embrittlement may occur. Grade 430 can be cold worked, but it is not as effective as Grade 304 in these conditions. It is not as ductile and will not harden as much.
As with most other stainless steels, Grade 430 can be found in plate, bar, strip, sheet, and tube forms. Because it is relatively cheap to make, while still maintaining a high level of corrosion resistance, it is perfect for household appliances. You can find stainless steel 430 in washing machines, dishwasher, and cookers. Usually certain components within an oven are made out of Grade 430.
The automotive industry makes use of Grade 430 stainless steel in a lot of different parts. Mufflers and trim for example are often made of 430. Basically anywhere that requires a cheaper alternative to Grade 304, that will not be exposed to high corrosive environments for lengthy periods of time, are perfect for this grade.
For more information on 430 stainless steel or any other grade, contactESM Hampshire Mill at 847-683-0500.