Printable PDF: 301 Stainless Steel Alloy Data Sheet
Austenitic chromium-nickel stainless steel. Its high strength and corrosion resistance makes it versatile alloy for a wide variety of applications. Typical applications include appliances, automotive applications, utensils, and high strength structural parts.
|Cr:||16.0 – 18.0|
|Ni:||6.0 – 8.0|
At 70°F (At 20°C)
0.285 lb./in3 / (7.88 g/cm3)
Modulus of Elasticity (E)
28.0 x 10³ ksi / (193 x 10³MPa)
Coefficient of Expansion
9.4 x 10-6 microinches/in.-°F (70-600°F) / (16.9 μm/m-°C) (20-300°C)
27.4 μ ohm.in / (69.5 μ ohm.cm)
9.4 Btu-in./ft.2hr.-°F / (16.2 W/m-K)
ASTM A240, ASTM A666
Typical Mechanical Properties – Typical Room Temperature Mechanical Properties
Typical mechanical properties are based, AK source on ASTM A240/A666
Tensile Strength (UTS)*: 120 ksi (827 MPa)
0.2% YS*: 45 ksi (310 MPa)
Elongation% in 2” (50.8 mm): 60%
Hardness Rockwell: 86 HRBW
Condition: 1/4 Hard
Tensile Strength (UTS)*: 125 ksi (862 MPa)
0.2% YS*: 75 ksi (517 MPa)
Elongation% in 2” (50.8 mm): 25%
Hardness Rockwell: 25 HRCW
Condition: 1/2 Hard
Tensile Strength (UTS)*: 150 ksi (1034 MPa)
0.2% YS*: 110 ksi (758 MPa)
Elongation% in 2” (50.8 mm): 18%
Hardness Rockwell: 32 HRCW
Condition: 3/4 Hard
Tensile Strength (UTS)*: 175 ksi (1207 MPa)
0.2% YS*: 135 ksi (931 MPa)
Elongation% in 2” (50.8 mm): 12%
Hardness Rockwell: 37 HRCW
Condition: Full Hard
Tensile Strength (UTS)*: 185 ksi (1276 MPa)
0.2% YS*: 140 ksi (965 MPa)
Elongation% in 2” (50.8 mm): 9%
Hardness Rockwell: 41 HRCW
* Minimum- Standard practice is to produce to either minimum tensile strength, minimum yield or minimum hardness, but not to combinations of these properties. More Tempered Properties available upon request.
**The information and data in this product data sheet are accurate to the best of our knowledge and belief, but are intended for general information only. Applications suggested for the materials are described only to help readers make their own evaluations and decisions, and are neither guarantees nor to be construed as express or implied warranties of suitability for these or other applications. Data was obtained from our melt sources with data referring to mechanical properties and chemical analyses are the result of tests performed on specimens obtained from specific locations with prescribed sampling procedures; any warranty thereof is limited to the values obtained at such locations and by such procedures. There is no warranty with respect to values of the materials at other locations. Further information should be sought from the melt sources.
Additional Information on 301 Stainless Steel Alloy
What are Some Common Uses of Stainless Steel? Stainless steel is a vital part of modern life. It is used in an astounding number of ways, in everything from the biggest skyscraper to the tiniest zipper.
Its low maintenance, corrosion-resistance, and strength, make stainless steel the perfect material for a broad array of applications. The material also has a long life span, at the end of which the main alloying elements can be recovered.
There are more than 150 stainless steel grades, of which fifteen are typically used in daily applications. It is manufactured in a variety of forms, including tubing, sheets, bars, and plates for use within domestic and industrial settings.
Numerous sectors rely on stainless steel, not least of all the automotive and construction industries. For a multitude of applications, it simply is the most efficient option.
Typical Stainless-Steel Uses
Construction and architecture
Stainless steel originally came into prominence in the construction industry within the art-deco era. Famously, the top portion of Chrysler Building was built using stainless steel.
Because of its corrosion-resistance, flexibility, and strength, stainless steel now is commonly used in modern-day construction. It is used in the outside cladding for larger high-impact properties. It may also be seen inside, in the form of backsplashes, counter tops, and handrails, for example.
It can be easily welded, is easy to maintain, and it is well-known for its appealing finish. Due to these factors, it has featured prominently in modern, high-profile architecture, including the new Trade Center in New York, Singapore’s Helix Bridge, and London Waterloo Station’s Eurostar Terminal.
The trend of sustainable construction also favors the use of stainless steel, up to 90 percent of which is often recyclable. And the material inside a grain or polished finish may help bring natural light into a structure, thereby decreasing energy intake.
Stainless Steel 301
Stainless steel 301 is known for its high strength and excellent corrosion resistance. This alloy is non-magnetic when it is annealed and has the ability to be modified with its other properties. The versatility of grade 301 stainless steel makes it an ideal material for a variety of applications and industries.
Type 301 is an austenitic stainless steel which provides good strength and ductility when cold worked and has a composition of 7 percent nickel and 17 percent chromium. 301 is well suited to welding and forming and drawing. Because of 301 stainless steel’s high-grade strength, it is available in many conditions or tempers.
Annealed 301 Stainless Sheet
Annealed stainless steel sheet T-301 is perfect for applications that require both tensile strength and formability. Its attractive appearance, corrosion resistance, and high strength make 301 stainless steel sheet a great option for decorative and structural applications. Grade 301 stainless steel is used in cold rolled and annealed conditions. In the work-hardened condition, stainless steel 301 develops higher tensile strength than the other austenitic grades.
Its properties are:
- hardenable by cold working
- easily welded
- improved surface finish
- good heat resistance
- great corrosion resistance within mildly corrosive atmospheres
- high yield strength
- high tensile strength
- high workability
Common uses for 301 stainless steel are ornamental work, and the making of springs, conveyor parts, screen/door frames, kitchen equipment, roof drainage systems, subway and railway cars, automotive wheel covers, automotive trim and moldings, trailer and truck bodies, automobile components, and aircraft components.
For more information about the uses and availability of 301 stainless steel, fill out a contact request form.